Book of Joshua. What is the significance of the Old Testament Joshua? What can we learn from his life, and what is his significance in relation to the Lord Jesus Christ?
So Moses said to Joshua, “Choose for us men, and go out and fight with Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the staff of God in my hand.” So Joshua did as Moses told him, and fought with Amalek, while Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. … And Joshua overwhelmed Amalek and his people with the sword.
Exodus 17:9, 10, and 13, ESV
What is the significance of the Old Testament Joshua? What can we learn from his life, and what is his significance in relation to the Lord Jesus Christ?
This will just be a short study of the Book of Joshua – actually it is more of a summary than a study, as each devotion will cover four chapters from the book.
As an introduction we will look at the meaning of Joshua and then see what we know about him from the books of Exodus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
Meaning of Joshua:
The definition of Joshua is: Jehovah is his help, or Jehovah the Savior. The Hebrew name, Joshua, is translated, Jesus, in the Greek language of the New Testament. Joshua is a type of Christ. By that we mean Joshua points to the Lord Jesus Christ. Both had the same name, Joshua is appointed to bring the children of Israel into the Promised Land just as Jesus brings His children into the heavenly promised land, and Joshua succeeded Moses just as the Lord Jesus Christ succeeded the Old Testament Law of God.
Joshua is mentioned several times in the books of Exodus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Here are just a few of the references we find from these Old Testament books.
Joshua – The Assistant to Moses
So Moses rose with his assistant Joshua, and Moses went up into the mountain of God.
Exodus 24:13, ESV
Thus the Lord used to speak to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. When Moses turned again into the camp, his assistant Joshua the son of Nun, a young man, would not depart from the tent.
Exodus 33:11, ESV
Joshua and Caleb – The Two Faithful Spies
And Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, who were among those who had spied out the land, tore their clothes.
Numbers 14:6, ESV
Not one shall come into the land where I swore that I would make you dwell, except Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun. … Of those men who went to spy out the land, only Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of Jephunneh remained alive.
Numbers 14:30 and 38, ESV
Joshua Appointed to Succeed Moses
So the Lord said to Moses, “Take Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the Spirit, and lay your hand on him.
Numbers 27:18, ESV
Joshua is Commissioned by Moses
Then Moses summoned Joshua and said to him in the sight of all Israel, “Be strong and courageous, for you shall go with this people into the land that the Lord has sworn to their fathers to give them, and you shall put them in possession of it.”
Deuteronomy 31:7, ESV
Devotions from the Book of Joshua